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Tuesday, December 1, 2009

Edition3: Dont worry about 2012

The 2012 phenomenon comprises a range of beliefs and proposals positing that cataclysmic or transformative events will occur in the year 2012. These beliefs are based primarily on what is said to be the end-date of the Mayan Long Count calendar, which is presented as lasting 5,125 years and as terminating on December 21, 2012. Proponents of these ideas base their beliefs on archaeoastronomical speculation, religious fanaticism, and alternative interpretations of mythology, numerological constructions, and alleged pro-phecies from
extraterrestrial beings.
A New Age interpretation of this transition posits that, during this time, the planet and its inhabitants may undergo a positive physical or spiritual transformation, and that 2012 may mark the beginning of a new era. Conversely, some believe that the 2012 date marks the beginning of an apocalypse. Both ideas have been disseminated in numerous books and TV documentaries, and have spread around the world through websites and discussion groups.
Mainstream Mayanist scholars argue that the idea that the Long Count calendar "ends" in 2012 misrepresents Maya history. To the modern Maya, 2012 is largely irrelevant, and classic Maya sources on the subject are scarce and contradictory, suggesting that there was little if any universal agreement among them about what, if anything, the date might mean.
The scientific community has rejected the 2012 predictions as pseudoscience, on the grounds that these events would violate the laws of physics and are precluded by astronomical observations
Why we should not fear 2012
Most information available about 2012 is making reference to mass destruction of the world as we know it, earth's pole shift/magnetic field reversal, Nostradamus predictions, end of Mayas calendar, etc.
The base of all the predictions is the end of the Maya calendar in 2012, which is supposed to mean the end of the world or a period of radical changes. In fact, the end of the Maya calendar is known as the end of the Great Cycle. People find it easy to believe in that theory because Maya civilization is known for advanced writing, mathematics and astronomy. It can seem like they really know what they're talking about, but the truth is that the end of the Great Cycle is not the end of the world, it's in fact a great celebration for the Mayas: There is no reason to worry as there are main five main reasons that 2012 myth is made up of Mayan Calendar (we have discarded that presumption) Galactic alignment Polar shift Collision of planet Nibru (hypothetical)
Webbot (Critics of these proposals argue that while the collective knowledge of humanity could possibly predict terrorist attacks, stock market crashes or other human-caused events, there is no way it could predict something like an earthquake or the end of the world)
The only rational “2012 End of world” possibility is actually pole shifting. A Pole shift is a rare phenomenon and is characterized by the north and the south poles swapping places. Such reversals, recorded in the magnetism of ancient rocks, are unpredictable. They come at irregular intervals averaging about 300,000 years; the last one was 780,000 years ago. Such event could really disrupt our planet that's true. Imagine the North pole and South pole swapping places: Tele-communications, animals, humans, etc. would all be affected and it would be a really important change. There's only one thing you need to consider… I've read in a lot of different places that a polar shift is going to happen on December 21 2012 and it is totally false: Polar shift is a process that roughly takes 5,000 years to complete and doesn't start on a specific date and time. The real truth is that nobody knows when the next one is due.
The process takes time and another myth wants the earth's magnetic field strength to be near zero during that transition time. It would actually be as strong as it is now but simply a lot more complicated.
Will I die on December 21 2012?
No one can tell, the Mayas can't, Nostradamus can't and the aliens can't. On December 21 2012, a comet won't hit the earth, a pole shift won't happen instantly and a massive gravity burst won't happen either. The only thing you can fear is a pole shift and it can take up to 5,000 years to complete…
What if you're wrong and world ends?
In the case that we are wrong, that every scientist on this planet is wrong and that the NASA can't figure out a simple galactic alignment that would put our world to an end then I guess we are all in the same situation. Everyone will die. Scary isn't it? Well, no one can tell what will happen tomorrow or in 2012.
2012 is big business
If you scan the Internet or believe that it is the marketing campaign behind the movie "2012," released in November, you might be forgiven for thinking so. Dozens of books and fake science Web sites are prophesying the arrival of doomsday that year, either by means of a rogue planet colliding with Earth or some other cataclysmic event. Normally, sober scientists regard incidents of Internet hysteria with nothing more than a raised eyebrow. But a few scientists have become so concerned that they decided not to remain silent.
Thus we decided to add our two pence…..
Hope you enjoyed reading on the 2012

Edition3: Consumer Court Formats


First Page: Blank Paper
Second Page: Contents
Third Page: Index
Fourth Page: Complaint
Fifth Page: Affidavit
Following Pages: Documents in support of the complaint
The original consumer complaint + the copies of the same should be in paper file, properly punched and tied with filing thread with the knot on the back side.
The cover of the file should display the Consumer Case Number, the name of the complainant, and the name of the Opposite Parties.
Number of copies to submit:
National Commission: Original in file + 6 copies in file + loose additional copy for each Opposite Party + one for self.
State Commission: Original in file + 3 copies in file + loose additional copy for each Opposite Party + one for self.
District Forum: Original in file +
3 copies in file + loose additional copy for each Opposite Party + one for self.

IN THE MATTER OF : (Name and address of complainant)
.................... COMPLAINANT
(Name and address of the accused)
.................... OPPOSITE PARTY

A brief paragraph about the complainant explaining the name, residence address and occupation of the complainant.
A brief paragraph about name, address and occupation of the opposite party.

1. Description of the deal and services promised by the opposite parties for the value paid by the complainant.
2. Description of the advertisements given by the opposite parties which attracted the complainant to purchase the commodity and services.
Details of the price of goods and services. Details of the bill/invoice (bill number and date, item and amount) Details of payments made by complainant (cheque number/cash, etc.)
(select from list or write as required) 1. Misleading advertisements and false representation. 2. Cheating by giving false promises. 3. Deficiency in after sales service or not abiding by warranty clause. 4. Harassment by the opposite party.
5. Not delivering the goods and services for which payment is made. 6. Charging excess amount. 7. Any other factors that affected the consumer.
Copy of advertisement and catalogue that promised the concerned goods and services. Copy of bill as evidence of purchase. Other documents such as agreement copies, bounced cheques, opposite parties' letters. Copy of letters sent to the opposite party to request for rectification of fault and settlement of the grievance.
JURISDICTION: (Select one)
As the total amount involved is more than Rupees 20 lakhs hence the complaint is being filed with the Hon'ble National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission.
As the total amount involved is more than Rupees 5 lakhs and less than 20 lakhs hence the complaint is being filed with the Hon'ble State Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission.
As the total amount involved is less than Rupees 5 lakhs hence the complaint is being filed with the Hon'ble District Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission.
The complainant therefore prays :- i) relief be granted to the complainant as demanded herein. ii) that such orders be passed as the Hon'ble Consumer Forum may deem fit in the circumstances of the case. Iii) that the accused should be punished severely so that culprits of similar kind would be afraid to indulge in such criminal activities. iv) mention any other statement of prayer you wish to state.
PLACE : Signature
I (name of complainant), resident of (residential address) hereby declare that I have not misrepresented any facts nor have tried to hide any information in my above complaint. All the facts mentioned herein are true to the best of my knowledge.
Name & signature of complainant
National Consumer Disputes Redressal Comission
A Wing, 5th Floor, Janpath Bhawan, Cannaught Place, New Delhi 110001 Fax: (011) 23712456
The President,
Maharastra State Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission,
Administrative College, Room Nos. 1 and 2, Hazarimal Somani Marg,
Opp. V.T. Station, Bombay - 400 001.

District Consumer Disputes Redressal Forum
692, Pushpa Heights
Pune 411037

Telephone No.: 4210364 (Registrar), 4217489 (Office)

Edition3: 26/11

Cityblog remembers with salute the martyrs of 26/11. Cityblog also empathises with victims of terror. One whole year has gone by. There has been a lot of analysis, discussions about why and how it happened, culprits etc. It is also time to analyze what can be done to avoid such incidences
We have not learnt the hard lessons. When I say, we that mostly means the administration, but also has sizable contribution from common people like you and me.
While it is primarily the responsibility of the security agencies to thwart any fresh conspiracy by the terrorists, the public will have a useful role to play by sharing with the agencies any information or suspicious activity coming to its notice. The state agencies should create an awareness of the kind of role the public can play and as to how to convey any information or suspicions to the agencies. Successful counter-terrorism depends on effective State-public co-operation.
It is not that fresh conspiracies were not being hatched in Indian and Pakistani territories since 26/11. They were, but these were thwarted by the success of the intelligence agencies and the police in identifying and neutralising the cells which might have played a role in the execution of these conspiracies.India has reasons to be thankful to the US agencies for their alertness and for their co-operation in preventing fresh strikes. Strengthened, active and discreet Indo-US co-operation in counter-terrorism has been a significant post-26/11 feature The US may be still reluctant to act against the government of Pakistan for continuing to use terrorism against India, but it has given indications of its determination to help India in preventing a repeat of 26/11 in whatever way it can. The strong technical capability of the US agencies and the ground capability of the Indian agencies for human intelligence should help in the efforts to prevent a repeat of 26/11.
In counter-terrorism, it is important to avoid over-confidence and self-complacency. Any planning should factor into it the possibility that despite all the precautions and enhanced vigilance by the intelligence agencies, some terrorist conspiracies may still escape detection by the intelligence agencies. Vulnerability perceptions help in denying success to the terrorists even if one doesn't detect in time terrorist conspiracies. Capacity-building, physical security and alertness play an important role in this. The training and re-training of our security agencies and police must enable them to meet the changing mode of operations of the terrorists. While the Indian and US security agencies have a welcome record of increasing successes in detecting and neutralising terrorist cells before they can go into action, they have had little success in detecting and neutralising potential sources of supply of explosive material. This is a weak point in our counter-terrorism capability which needs the individual and joint attention of the Indian and US agencies. Pre-conceived ideas and facile assum-ptions have no place in counter-terrorism such as the following -- the next attack may also come from the sea, the potential targets mentioned by terrorists under interrogation such as the National Defence College reportedly mentioned by the two Chicago suspects may be the real targets etc. Al Qaeda, the LeT and their associates train their recruits and volunteers in ways of misleading the security agencies and the police when caught. These are some of the points needing attention as we strengthen our alertness on the eve of the 26/11 anniversary. It is important for the government to set in place a scenario-anticipation group to evaluate continuously the likely scenarios to improve our preparedness.
And finally, let our security agencies have central repository of intelligence. Let it not complicate the information gathering and rapid action to be impeded by bureaucracy like what resulted in delay of getting commandoes on site. Let investigation agency have no political intervention and act independently. Let we get over corruption and loop holes like those for bullet proof jackets etc. That will all be fitting response on eve of anniversary of tragic and dastardly event which rocked us same time last year.

Edition3: Dr Abhay and Rani Bang

Dr. Abhay Bang was born at Wardha to Thakurdas and Suman Bang who are followers of the Sarvodaya movement inspired by Gandhian thoughts.
He spent his childhood in Gandhi's Sevagram Ashram at Wardha with Mahatama Gandhi's foremost disciple Acharya Vinoba Bhave.
Rani Bang (formerly Rani Chari) was born in Chandrapur. Abhay and Rani completed their graduation and post graduation in medical studies from Nagpur University. Abhay got married to Rani in 1977.
After their medical studies, the couple moved to Wardha and co-founded Chetna Vikas - a non-profit organization. While working in villages of Wardha district they realized the need for further studies in public health to address larger health-care issues. Both of them completed Masters in Public Health from Johns Hopkins University.
After returning to India they started working in Gadchiroli district. They founded SEARCH in December 1985 and started working on community health problems. They identified the main causes for infant mortality in the region and devised a strategy of home-based neonatal care to address them.
In 1990, the couple raised a movement for liquor ban in Gadchiroli district. The movement resulted in liquor ban in the district in year 1992, being the first example in India of liquor ban due to public demand.
Rani Bang also works on health and gynecological problems of rural women. She conducts sessions on sex education for adolescent and teenagers.In 2006, they started an initiative - NIRMAN, for identifying and nurturing social change-makers in Maharashtra. How did it start and journey throughout?
Like many great medical break-throughs, Drs. Abhay and Rani Bang's discovery of how to reduce child deaths in the developing world as much as 75% came from a deceptively simple premise. Dr Abhay decided to listen to their patients. That may sound obvious, but in 1986, when the pair returned to their poor, central Indian hometown of Gadchiroli with master's degrees in public health from Johns Hopkins University, it was a novel approach.
The priorities for the developing world were decreed in abstract by the medical establishment. Everyone said population control was the No. 1 priority and family planning the No. 1 solution. That approach ran counter to principles Abhay learned growing up in Mohandas Gandhi's ashram at nearby Sevagram (literally, Service Village), which favored community and consensus over hierarchy and imposition.
He and Rani, had already decided to follow Gandhian principles and live and work with the poor, founding a trust they called the Society for Education, Action and Research in Community Health. After setting up a lab in an old warehouse, they began surveying two nearby villages. The results were immediate. When they actually talked to the mothers, they discovered women had other needs than just contraception. They found 92% had gynecological diseases.
In 1989, the pair published their research in the journal Lancet. The global population policy changed from looking at mere reproduction to the whole issue of women's reproductive health.
That was their first experience of how powerful this approach could be.
Encouraged, the Bangs listened some more. They identified alcohol abuse as another big issue and began addiction treatment. And given that half their patients were from the forest-dwelling Gond tribe and wary of city hospitals, the Bangs asked them what a Gond hospital might look like. The result is what Abhay named Shodhagram (Research Village), a medical center outside Gadchiroli that resembles a village, with separate huts housing the lab, surgery, pharmacy, wards, library and even a shrine to the Gond goddess Danteshwari.
It was soon after moving to Shodhagram that Abhay and Rani were presented with the tragic inspiration for their greatest innovation. A tribal woman came in with a tiny baby boy. They took him, laid him on bed, and he died, right there and then.The child's death haunted the two doctors. They decided to tackle a subject the medical community had long abandoned: the stubbornly high child-mortality rate in the developing world. Abhay and Rani identified 18 causes of newborn death, from the obvious, like malnutrition, to the surprising, like the habit of expectant Gond mothers of starving themselves and their unborn child for an easier birth. The Bangs found no problems that couldn't be treated by a health worker with rudimentary skills, some infant sleeping bags and an abacus on which to record every 10 heartbeats.
So Abhay and Rani got a seamstress to stitch the sleeping bags and a carpenter to makthe abacuses, and they drew up a health training program that they taught to a newly assembled corps of village health workers. In 1999, the Bangs published the results of their efforts, again in the Lancet. They had cut child mortality in half--a figure that would fall to a quarter by 2003--for a cost of $2.64 for each child saved. The program is being adopted across India, where more than a quarter of the 4 million annual newborn deaths occur, and in Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan and parts of Africa.
Recently Time magzine honoured them as 'Global Heroes of Health'.Government of Maharashtra awarded them "Maharashtra Bhushan' Other award include National award : Stree Shakti Puruskar 2005 ( March 8th, 2008), Jamanalal Bajaj Award from Jamanalal Bajaj Foundation, Mumbai (2006) and many many more. Their work will definitely inspire generations of medicos to come.

Edition3: Cloning

Cloning: Most of us have heard about cloning and have some idea about what it might be. Cloning is seen in movies, books, on the TV and in newspapers, but what is it really?
Cloning is basically making a genetic copy of something. This might be copying just one cell, or it could be a whole animal. There's a bit more to cloning things than this explanation suggests, so you can get more information here.
A guy called Herbert Webber, from the US Department of Agriculture, invented the word clon in the early 20th century to describe plants that are genetically the same as their parent. Pretty soon clon became clone, and slowly the word became part of the English language. The biggest star in the cloning world is a sheep named Dolly. Why she's called Dolly is an altogether different story. In 1996 Scottish scientists cloned Dolly from an adult sheep. This was the first time this had been done for a mammal. Dolly died in February 2003. Now that cloning has been shown to be possible with mammals, people are getting really interested in cloning a special mammal - humans. Not everyone agrees on whether cloning is ethically and scientifically right or wrong. Several governments around the world have made laws to stop public money being spent on human cloning research. We'll leave it to you to decide if you think it's good or bad.
Dolly - The Wonder Sheep : Did you know that Dolly, the wonder sheep, was named after the country and western singer Dolly Parton? This is because the DNA that she was cloned with came from a mammary cell. So how was Dolly made (if made is really the right word)?
Scientists at the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh, Scotland took an egg from a Scottish blackface ewe and removed the nucleus from it. This left them with an enucleated egg. The nucleus is the bit in the cell that has the animal's DNA, which gives instructions as to how the cell should work.
The scientists also obtained a nucleus, which they got from a mammary gland cell of a Finn Dorset sheep. They then fused (joined) the enucleated egg and nucleus together by applying some electricity, which gave them an embryo. The embryo was put into the uterus of a blackface ewe and allowed to grow like any other unborn baby sheep on a farm. When Dolly was born there was an easy way to tell that she had different DNA to the blackface ewe that had given birth to her Dolly didn't have a black face! They made a fuller check of Dolly and found that she was genetically the same as the Finn Dorset which 'donated' the nucleus. Dolly was therefore a clone
The Death of Dolly : In February 2003 Dolly, the world's first animal cloned from an adult cell, was put down. Dolly was given a lethal injection after it was found that she had lung disease. Dolly had lived for six years and had given birth normally to four lambs, however scientists become worried about her health in January 2002 when she was diagnosed with a form of arthritis. It has not been reported whether her disease is related to the fact that she was a clone but scientists at the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh, where Dolly was cloned, say they will conduct a full post-mortem and report any significant findings. After the post-mortem Dolly will be preserved and displayed at the National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh.
Cc - The Copy Cat : In December 2001 researchers in Texas cloned a domestic cat, known as Cc (for Carbon copy) and it is the first time anyone has cloned a pet. The creation of Cc was funded by Genetic Saving & Clone, a California company, that hoped to make money by cloning people's favourite dead or sick pets.
Cc was the only surviving animal of 87 kitten embryos created by cloning and 'appears healthy and energetic' say researchers at Texas Agricultural & Manufacturing University.
DNA tests have proven that Cc is a perfect genetic copy of her mother 'Rainbow' and not of the tabby surrogate cat that actually gave birth to her. However this has not meant that Cc is actually anything like her mother. As it turns out they do not act or even look alike. Rainbow is a typical calico with splotches of brown, tan and gold on white, while Cc has a striped grey coat over white, Rainbow is reserved where as Cc is curious and playful. Rainbow is chunky. Cc is sleek.
So cloning won't bring back your prized pussy - however there are other reasons for cloning cats. Mark Westhusin, a member of the cloning team, said there were serious scientific reasons for cloning a cat 'Cats have a feline AIDS that is a good model for studying human AIDS'.
Human Cloning : Some people might be surprised to learn that human clones already exist. These clones aren't created in a lab, they occur naturally every day all over the world. In case you haven't guessed, twins are the naturally occurring human clones. They're genetically different from their parents, but they are genetically identical to each other.
Manufactured clones : Has anyone been successful in creating human clones? One group, who received some media attention, planned to clone a human by 2003. This group was led by Panayiotis Zavos, a former University of Kentucky Professor, and Severino Antinori, an Italian researcher.
Criminally irresponsible?
Not everyone thinks cloning humans is a good idea. A senior staff member at the Roslin Institute, one of the team which was responsible for creating Dolly, has said that human cloning projects are criminally irresponsible. Part of the reason for this is the low success rate in cloning. With Dolly there were 276 other attempts at creating a clone before they were successful. Some governments have already moved to ban research into human cloning. In the US there is a ban on federal funding for human cloning research, with discussion on a full ban on human cloning in the US being undertaken

edition3: Pronounciations

a as sound of “a” in head, metal (short “a”)
aa as sound of “a” in arm, cart, bar or as sound of “i” in ice, bite, fire (long “a”)
I as sound of “i” in pencil, credible (short “i”)
ee as sound of “i” in if, give, mirror (long “i”) or as sound of “ee” in esteem
u as sound of “u” in push, pull
oo as sound of “o” in soor, fool (long u) or as sound of “u” in rule
e as sound of “e” in egg, bed, merry or as sound of “a” in age, aim, came
ai as sound of “ei” in Eikman
o as sound of “o” in go, low
au similar to the sound of “ow” in cow (if it pronounced as single syllable)
.n or .m or as sound of “um” in number, sound of “um” as in jump
-N- or -M-
K as sound of “k” i nkarate
kh as ound of “kh” in khaki
G as ound of “g” in gum
gh as ound of “gh” in ghost
xn similar to the sound of “n” in bring, thing
ch as sound of “ch” in chuck; use of middle palate
cxh as sound of “ch” in chuck, but with the release of breath, or aspiration
jj as sound of “j” in jug
jjx variation o fsound of “j” in jug; use of front palate
z as sound of “z” in lazy; use of middle palate

yn distinct sound of “y” and “n” pronounced together
t as sound of “t” in tune, hit
tdh sound of “dh” using back palate and moving toung down instantly blowing air out
d as sound of “d” in done
dhv sound of “dh” using back palate as sound o f ”dh” in “adhere”
tn sound of “n” using middle palate
tv soft sound of “t”, dental sound of “t” as sound of “t” in spanish word “tamale”
th as sound of “th” in thumb, thick
dv as sound of “th” in mother, there
dh as sound of “th” this
n as sound of “n” in nun, none
p as sound of “p” in pun
f as sound of “f” in firm
b as sound of “b” in bum
bh as sound of “b” using lips and saying “b” and “h” together as in “bhaji”
m as sound of “m” in mother
y as sound of “ye” in yes
r as sound of “ru” in run
w as sound of “wo” in work
sh as sound of “sh” in shun (middle palate)
hsh close to the sound of “ssion” in mission (back palate)
s as sound of “so” in some
h as sound of “hu” in hut

Edition3: House Decoration

Over the last few years, interest in home decorating has virtually exploded. It seems as though everyone wants to decorate their homes with an updated look, but many are hesitant to try. Often it's because they're short on time, or money, or both. By following a few simple decorating tips, everyone can give their homes a fresh new style, no matter what their schedules or budgets.
One simple decorating tip is paint. A new color or texture can liven up a room, and sometimes it's the only decorating change you need. New wallpaper is another tip for giving walls a different look, and some go with just a simple stencil design.
While the walls may be the obvious choice for change when decorating, there are also some easy ways to give your furniture a new look. Slipcovers are a simple way to work in a different color scheme decoration, and they are available in endless shades and patterns. Refinishing and/or decorating tables, chairs and other pieces can also be fairly easy. Paints and stains are once again a simple decorating tip. Still looking for more decoration ideas? Here's a tip: look out the window. Window treatments are an easy, affordable decoration that can create a very different look with minimal fuss. Don't stop decorating once you've freshened up your walls, windows and furniture. Pillows, pretty bottles and other whimsical items are small decorations that make a big difference. Candles are another easy tip that decorate a room a nice look and smell. With these simple tips, your home will be looking like new before you can say “decorating made easy.”
People decorated their homes room-by-room, using a coordinating theme only within one room for many years. Today, there is a new mindset in home decorating. Coordinating decorating themes are being implemented throughout an entire house, bringing the separate decorating elements together to tie into one central coordinating decorating theme.
Some of the most popular decorating themes which are being used to decorate in today's coordinated schemes are classic, modern, earthy, or country coordinated themes.
The Italian or French Country decorating theme tends to coordinate rich colors such as burgundies, deep reds and even a trendy, new coordinating shade called Bordeaux, which is nearly black. These colors decortes elements from rugs to wall treatments and even kitchen cabinets. In fact, the kitchen is fast becoming a popular starting point for rooms that are decorated coordinated .
Kitchens used to lag behind in the race toward a new home decorating theme, but that isn't the case anymore. The newly popular Bordeaux shade which is becoming so prevalent to coordinate with in the decorating world, already commonly decorates kitchens. Black and other dark finishes have historically been fashionable themes in wood pieces, and the latest country themes are no exception. The decorating scheme's traditional deep, rich colors complement nearly every wood finish. Whether you choose to decorate with a modern theme or follow the trend toward country-style decorating, there is a way to use a coordinated look to decorate your entire house.

Edition3: Quiz and Puzzle

Squirrel monkey is a type of:
Choose one of the following:
Squirrel ¨
Lizard ¨
Monkey ¨
Panda ¨

The seventh planet from the sun is:
Choose one of the following:
Earth ¨
Uranus ¨
Mars ¨
Jupiter ¨

It is known as the ship of the desert
Choose one of the following:
Cat ¨
Panther ¨
Camel ¨
Rabbit ¨

The largest animal is the:
Choose one of the following:
Giraffe ¨
Camel ¨
Blue whale ¨
Rhino ¨

Smallest indivisible particle of an element that can exist is called:
Choose one of the following:
Cell ¨
Nucleus ¨
Molecule ¨
Atom ¨

The process by which green plants manufacture their food is called:
Choose one of the following:
Respiration ¨
Photosynthesis ¨
Digestion ¨
Excretion ¨

A substance that allows heat or electricity to pass through it is called:
Choose one of the following:
Aerosol ¨
Alcohol ¨
Conductor ¨
Acid ¨

Jupiter has the following number of satellites:
Choose one of the following:
2 ¨
14 ¨
7 ¨
12 ¨

CO2 refers to:
Choose one of the following:
Carbon Monoxide ¨
Methane ¨
Carbon Dioxide ¨
Cobalt ¨

Rain polluted by a build-up of acids in the air is called
Choose one of the following:
Hailstorm ¨
Acid rain ¨
Tornado ¨
Drizzling ¨

Atoms of the same element containing different number of neutrons is called:
Choose one of the following:
Isomer ¨
Ion ¨
Isotope ¨
Molecule ¨

Four people are traveling to different places on different types of transport.
Their names are: Rachel, John, Mr.Jones and Cindy.They either went on train, car, plane or ship

Edition3: Persiscope

Imagine going to watch a match starring your favourite teams and then not being able to see it properly. This could well be the case if you are seated at an uncomfortable spot.
Instead of coming out of the stadium/field in a sour mood, carry your very own periscope to the next match.
A periscope is an optical instrument that comes handy to see things from an angle where it is otherwise difficult to see them. Like in submarines. People in submarines use a periscope to see objects above the ocean.
The things you need:
1. Two empty cornflake cartons
2. Two plain mirrors
3. Two pieces of cardboard
4. A pair of scissors
5. Packing tape
Step 1: Cut the tops from both the cartons.
Step 2: Place the cardboard to the bottom of both the cartons at a 45 degree angle and secure it tightly.
Step 3: Mount a mirror on each of the cardboard and secure it with the help of some tape.
Step 4: Cut out a one-inch square hole directly in front of the mirror in each of the cartons.
Step 5: Place the two cartons on top of each other - open ends together.
Make sure that the mirrors are placed at a 45 degree angle. Otherwise the periscope won't work!

Edition3: News

President Obama's Visit To China

The joint statement by the U.S. and China on 17th Nov said: The two sides are ready to strengthen communication, dialogue and cooperation on issues related to South Asia and work together to promote peace and development in that region. President Obama's advisers realize that India and China are bitter competitors who nevertheless sometimes manage to do a little mutually beneficial trading. Trade aside, they have an adversarial relationship along the northern border of the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh and in Kashmir. Mere weeks before Barack Obama set foot in Beijing, China was once again claiming territory that China had invaded in 1962. Surely Obama's advisors also know that Pakistan became an India-threatening nuclear power with the assistance of China. It worked like this: India needed the bomb because China had the bomb, so China helped Pakistan to the bomb in order to retilt the balance in favor of China. In fact, China has pursued a relentless policy of isolating and undermining India for decades, as I'll detail below. How, then, could President Barack Obama have invited China to join the U.S. in “promoting peace” in South Asia? You don't ask a partisan to mediate. As for asking China to “promote development” in South Asia, surely India could be expected to take that as an insult, pure and simple. Should India trade the democratic model for one party rule? Should India trade freedom of speech and assembly, freedom of religion, a free press, true ethnic and minority rights for Beijing's totally authoritarian model? As the old saying went, Hitler and Mussolini made the trains run on time, but were they models for the good society? Sadly, the U.S. chooses convenience over democracy again and again. We expected better of Obama. Now let's look at China's India policy. For decades, China has been contriving, in its usual relentless long term way, to neutralize India, its only real Asian competitor in terms of political and economic power. Turning a blind eye to human rights abuses, China gained access to natural resources and influence in Burma aka Myanmar, on India's Eastern border. To the North, in Nepal, China supports the Maoist insurgents who have grown strong enough to claim a role in governance. A decade ago China completed an engineering miracle of a road through the mountains between Pakistan and China, resulting in a massive increase in trade via the port of Karachi. But products from Western China will have an even more efficient trade route in the near future. The Chinese-funded deep water port of Gwador in Baluchistan will bypass Karachi and connect China to the Arabian Sea near Iran. Result: India is nearly encircled north, east and west. As for the South, China's growing blue water navy is turning up in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. This does not sit well with India. All this being the case, how could Obama's foreign policy advisers (and Obama) not have realized that the least support for China's inserting itself into South Asian affairs would be provocative in the extreme? India's under-standably huffy response boils down to this: India's issues with Pakistan will be resolved bilaterally. So much for another Obama fantasy: solving the Kashmir standoff. Meanwhile the suggestion by one analyst that India should respond, during the Prime Minister's upcoming visit to Washington, by demanding an equivalent pledge: “a line in the joint statement on Tibet and the Dalai Lama.” This would truly be “meaning-ful.” Especially since Obama dodged the Dalai Lama before his visit to China. But, President Obama had constraints in financial matters which might have resulted in appeasing china.
Hope Dr Manmohan Singh accomplishes to restore normalcy and helps strengthening of Indo US ties as expected during President Bush's regime during his US visit.

Discussions on sugarcane pricing remained "inconclusive" even on 23rd Nov at an all-party meeting, which was called to ensure smooth functioning of
Parliament after both Houses remained paralyzed for the first two days of the winter session over the issue. The recently-promulgated Ordinance providing for a “fair and remunerative price” (FRP) for sugarcane became a rallying point for the Opposition to close ranks and launch a full-scale attack on the Centre. On 19th Nov 09 that saw thousands of farmers pour into the national Capital in protest against the Ordinance, a virtually united Opposition forced an adjournment of the Lok Sabha at the start of Parliament's winter session.
The assault from within Parliament as well as from the streets of Lutyen's Delhi made led the Congress-headed United Progressive Alliance (UPA) into backfoot. The new FRP regime replaces the existing system, wherein the Centre only announced a Statutory Minimum Price (SMP) for sugarcane. But more contentiously, it discourages State Governments from fixing cane prices independently, as they have been doing.
The Ordinance (which needs Parliament assent for it to become law) basically renders State Advised Prices (SAP) toothless by obliging sugar mills to pay only the FRP.
The onus for meeting the difference between the higher SAP and the lower FRP would henceforth vest with the State Government concerned.
For the 2009-10 season (October-September), the Centre has fixed the FRP at Rs 129.84 a quintal (linked to 9.5 per cent sugar recovery). This is way below the SAPs of Rs 162.5-170 by Uttar Pradesh, Rs 170-180 by Punjab and Rs 175-185 by Haryana. The big question now is: Will the current impasse ultimately force the Centre to withdraw the Ordinance and roll back a significant reform measure that seeks to de-politicise cane price fixing by circumscribing the role of States

Edition3: Little Known facts about cricket

Virender Sehwag holds a unique record of scoring 150+ runs in nine of his previous 10 centuries which even Sir Donald Bradman didn't hold. The first International match was played between USA and Canada in New York in 1844 which Canada won by 23 runs. Len Hutton is the only player to be given out obstructing the field in Test Cricket History.
The first ever Australian team to tour England was a group of Aborgines lead by an Englishman Charles Lawrence. Each player wore different coloured caps so that people could identify them with ease. Apart from Cricket they also showed off their talent in a number of unique sports like backward race, boomerang throwing and Cricket ball dodging. The shepards in England used to play Cricket in front of tree stumps and hence the term ” Stumps ” originated. As the game progressed, the game was played in front of wicket gates and hence the term ” Wickets ” originated.
India's Lala Amarnath is the only Bowler to have got Sir Donald Bradman out hit wicket.
The Sawai Man Singh Stadium in Jaipur holds the record for registering a first ball duck on debut when Sunil Gavaskar was caught by Javed Miandad off Imran Khan in the first ever Test match here in 1987.
M.L. Jaisimha and Ravi Shastri have both batted on all five days of a Test Match. Only two others have achieved this, Englishmen Geoff Boycott and Alan Lamb, and Australia's Kim Hughes.
Legendary Spinner B.S.Chandrasekar is the only player to have scored fewer runs than the number of wickets that he picked up (242 Wickets and 177 runs).
The only player to have hit a Cricket ball from one county to other was C.K.Nayudu playing at Edgbaston and hitting the ball into the nearby river Rhea which is the boundary between Warwickshire and Worcestershire.
On the day of the 1983 World Cup Finals between India and West Indies, Sir Garfield Sobers was approached by a fan for an autograph. But he simple denied him stating that the day belonged to the Indians.
Sachin Tendulkar was the first player to be given out by a third umpire in an International game.
Sachin Tendulkar holds the unique record of scoring centuries on debut in Ranji trophy, Irani trophy and Duleep trophy matches.
The cartoon character Donald Duck is named after Sir Donald Bradman after he scored a duck in 1932 when touring North America. Walt Disney was a Cricket fan and was also a member of Hollywood Cricket Club.

Edition3: JEE help

In this article we will discuss few problems of Physics and Mathematics. The topics relates to Mechanics in Physics and concepts of infinite series of Mathematics. You may find that these are out of syllabus of IIT JEE, but as you will see that they don't need any additional knowledge other than what you already know. These problems will help you strengthen your understanding even more.

Problem 1
Let's start with the first problem of Mathematics. You have studies (or will study) infinite series and natural logarithm in Algebra. Consider the following series of Natural Logarithm of +2.
Ln 2 = 1 1/2 + 1/3 1/4 + 1/5 1/6 + 1/7 … to infinity.
If you rearrange the terms you can write
Ln 2 = (1 + 1/2 + 1/3 + 1/4 + 1/5 + 1/6 + 1/7 …. to infinity) - 2 * ( 1/2 + 1/4 + 1/6 + 1/8 …. to infinity)
Ln 2 = (1 + 1/2 + 1/3 + 1/4 + 1/5 + 1/6 + 1/7 …. to infinity) - (1 + 1/2 + 1/3 + 1/4 + 1/5 + 1/6 + 1/7 …. to infinity)

At this juncture, you may tend to say that the right hand side of the equation evaluates to Zero. This would be wrong for two reasons, which has a profound implication in Set theory of numbers (called Axiomatic Set Theory proposed by Cantor) and concepts of different sizes of infinity. These are explained below

1. (1 + 1/2 + 1/3 + 1/4 + 1/5 + 1/6 + 1/7 …. to infinity) = the harmonic series, which is divergent. It diverges to infinity and addition subtraction using infinity is not always a valid mathematical operation. Mathematical physicists often stumble across such infinities in Quantum Mechanics and they have a nice tool called 'Normalization' to work around these thorny issues. But don't equate this situation with what you learn in calculus. Example, what is the value of this expression?
(X ^ 2 9)/(x+3) (X-3) where X -> infinity
The expression simplifies to:-
(X 3) (X-3) = X X = 0.
Even in this expression we are subtracting 'INFINITY' from 'INFINITY', but this operation is valid because these two infinities are of 'same size'. In the next Para, you will learn why the expression of Ln 2 doesn't fall in this category.
2. Let's observe carefully the formation of the confusing expression of Ln2
Ln 2 = 1 1/2 + 1/3 1/4 + 1/5 1/6 + 1/7 … to infinity.
Ln 2 = 1 1/2 + 1/3 1/4 + 1/5 1/6 + 1/7 … + 1/ (odd) 1/(even) …. To infinity
Ln 2 = (1 + 1/2 + 1/3 + 1/4 + 1/5 + 1/6 + 1/7 …. + 1/n + 1/(n+1) + …. + .. 1/2n)
- 2 ( 1/2 + 1/4 + 1/6 + 1/8 + … + 1/2n) … where n -> infinity

The first part of the expression has 2n terms, while the second part has only n terms. When evaluated separately, both diverge to infinity but the second part is a 'smaller infinity than the first', hence you can't subtract one from the other. According to Cantor's theory, both parts have equal number of terms (called Aleph 0 = the smallest infinity), but their sum is not of same size.

But then mathematicians don't leave problems half-solved and confusing. We will not do it either. Check this out
Ln 2 = (1 + 1/2 + 1/3 + 1/4 + 1/5 + 1/6 + 1/7 …. + 1/n + 1/(n+1) + …. + .. 1/2n) - (1 + 1/2 + 1/3 + 1/4 + 1/5 + 1/6 + 1/7 …. + 1/n) (after multiplying all the terms by 2 in the second part)
Ln 2 = [(1 + 1/2 + 1/3 …. + 1/n) + {1/(n+1) + 1/(n+2) + … + 1/2n)}] - (1 + 1/2 + 1/3 + …. + 1/n) (after splitting the first part into two)
Ln 2 = {1/(n+1) + 1/(n+2) + … + 1/2n)} (this is what remains after subtraction) where n-> infinity.
Ln 2 = Definite integral of 1/(1+x) with respect to x, within limits of 0 and 1 (this comes from Newton's Summation formula of convergent infinite series) which is same as Ln 2 .
So we are back to square one
Ln 2 = Ln 2

Problem 2
Now let's look at some interesting problem of elementary mechanics. You have studied the equations on a freely falling body in uniform gravitational field 'g'. Now we want to study a raindrop falling under gravity but getting a resistance due to friction with air. It is often observed that the resistance is typically proportional to the kinetic energy of the rain drop = k.m.v^2. So the equation of the raindrop looks like

m. D^2 (x) = m.g kmv^2 (where D^2 stands for second order derivative with respect to time, v is the velocity after falling a distance x from the cloud)
First you observe that

1. Initially the velocity is 0, so there is no resistance at all.

2. Once the raindrop starts accelerating due to gravity, the
resistance increases due to increase
in velocity
3. Assuming that the cloud is formed
very high in the sky, there is enough
height available for the rain drop to
attain a steady state where, the
resistance cancels out gravitation
force and the net force on the
raindrop will be zero. In that case,
the raindrop will not accelerate any
further but will continue to move
with a constant velocity, called the
'terminal speed (S). The expression
for this is
m.g kmS^2 = net force on
raindrop = 0
=> S = sqrt ( g/k ), which is a
=> k = g / ( S^2 )
So now, our original equation becomes (after cancelling 'm' from both sides)
D^2 (x) = g ( 1 v^2 / S^2 ) . Please make the following observations
1. The equation is now independent
of the mass of the rain drop. In
general, all the equations of motion
under gravity always end up being
independent of mass of the moving
body. This is what Galileo
demonstrated, and Newton made a
theory of and later (year 1915)
Einstein based his General Theory
of Relativity on, to correct the
shortcomings of Newton's theory
of Gravitation.
2. To solve this equation you need to
integrate both sides and when you
do that (correctly !) you get
v^2 = S^2 {1 exp ( - 2gx / S^2 ) },
which gives velocity 'v' after falling
distance 'x' from the cloud.
3. From the above you can say that
a. The raindrop is always in catch-up
mode with the terminal speed S.
b. Theoretically, it will take infinite
distance and time to attain S.
c. The maximum velocity that a
raindrop can ever achieve is S,
which is sqrt (g/k).
Given that 'g' is more or less constant, and 'k' is almost constant unless there is major change in the composition of the atmosphere, no raindrop can ever hit the ground with a velocity > S, not even during 'Alia' or 'Phyan' !

Edition3: Final Frontier

There is always a holy grail for everyone (i am not referring to Dan Browns take on the topic and i am not promoting his new book). There is always a final frontier to be won for everyone.
Steve waugh had mentioned about beating India in India was that. South Africa had same feeling for australia conquest. England has ashes dreams. Sachin Tendulkar feels lifting ODI world cup to be that. Federer wanted French Open, Lendl wanted wimbledon, Sharad Pawar wants to be PM. Narayan Rane wants to be CM. Whole Indian film industry feels that for Oscars. Whole science community feels that for Nobel prize. Whole IT community wants to be involved in 'the next in thing' featuring in Silicon Valley success stories. Whole bunch of fellow entrepreneurs of our times wanted to be next Infosys. The much maligned Investment Bankers wanted to be featured in WSJ, All those in Music want to perform at Sawai, All mountaineers want their foot on the everest. All trekkers wants to sit on kokan kada at harishcchandragad. These are just examples. I am sure every individual has that Holy Grail. There are few lucky people who achieve the grail after few attempts. But i have seen whole lifetime spent unsuccessfully. Someone has a bunglow in mind to buy, someone has a brand of car to buy, someone has a country to visit, someone even wanted to meet long lost friend. These cravings are varied. Its the intensity, desire to achieve that defines the quest. The time duration required to achieve that is the real test of character. Many people give up as well as its very easy to do that. There is nothing like achieving what you want and getting it after a long exhaustive road.
There are some dangers also in this; while chasing the grail, life's other achievement (which may even be bigger than the grail) will feel like no shows. Lifes small gifts and pleasures will be lost while having a single devotion towards the grail. Its balance is what defines success in life.
In short not to give up on quest of the grail while balancing out the life with other important facets will define success.
There is certain unfairness about life. Some things happen in such a way that a particular achievement is denied to someone just for no reason or by chance. And then maybe owing to lack of interest to followup or some other priorities , that event never happens. and at later time you realize that achievement is still missing. And then maybe in some cases time has gone or its very difficult. Then arises that quest which is very strange for others to fathom. Example: One of my friends has taken admission in IIM after 13 years of graduation leaving aside a settled career and family. The holy grail of life is central to all of us.
They define our life, they provide meaning, motivation, substance, etc to our lives ( beware of dissapointments, demotivations, obsession, guilt as by products). My Holy Grail is yet to be achieved. But i have many role models to guide me reach there.
Citizen author runs a blog:

Edition3: DAV Public School

A huge campus, big class rooms, a green play ground and a sweet sound of laughter of several gangs of energetic kids playing basketball in it……. Welcome to DAV Public school in Aundh. DAV College and Management Trust was found in 1855 in the memories of Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati, to propagate the message of Vedas while equipping the students with global standard of education. Dr. K. B. Kushal, the regional head of the trust, established this branch six years back. Affiliated to CBSE Board, DAV Public School boasts of its outstanding academic performances, with 40% of its students scoring above 85% in its 10th and 12th board exams. Apart from academics, the school provides good opportunity and support for extra curricular activities. “ECA gives a lot of exposure to the students. It's as important as studies. As a coordinator, I believe such activities help a child to be more conversant and intellectual. We never hesitate to encourage a child to participate in the field he is good at.”says Dr. Bindu Karle, the academic coordinator. Soon the school is going to record its own music CD consisting of nursery rhymes and self composed poetries by its student, as an Endeavour to encourage young music talents and poets of the institution. The school even has a TARANA TILLANA FORUM, where Carnatic and Hindustani classical art merge together, having Sudha Chandran as its mentor.
Needless to say, with such motivating faculty and learning environment, the students of this school are very talented. Naren Sundar Ranjan of class IX is a young poet. “I write poetries about society, highlighting its negative elements and its disparity in the positive elements.” He is also a classical and semi classical singer, who bagged the first position in Bharat Vikas Parishad group song competition and many other solos in Carnatic Music. He won the Little Radio Mirchi Juke Box Competition while in class V. Yet he manages to keep his scores above 90% in every exam. His friend, Pratik Satpute, nicknamed as 'Encyclopedia of class IX', excels in GK and drawing. He enthusiastically participated in several events like Maharashtra Elementary Examination, Symbiosis Quiz,
Boat Club Quiz Club and won peizws in many of them. Lakshmi Mani, the sports Captain of the school and an all rounder, takes keen interest in badminton, singing and dancing. She came seventh in the under twelve and under fifteen Malayali Association Badminton Championship in Malaysia. Last year she won the Mahatma Hansraj Tournament for badminton, apart from winning the 100 meters 800 meters race, and thus winning the title of the “Best Athlete in the Western Region”. Siddhi Mehta, her class mate, secured the third position in Khokho, in the same event that year, while coming third in the Spelling Bee Competition. Aditi Sahni, the chess champ came fourth in DIP Fest and stood fifth in Texas Quis, which to her, “was a great exposure”. Sourav Bhabane, of class X, is another bright young scientist, who won a silver in Homi Bhabha Vaidnanik Competition. In his VIIth, he secured an All India Rank of 10th in the Unified Council Of Maths and Science, while last year, his rank was 20th, in the International Maths Olympiad, apart from coming first in the DAV Talent Search Examination.
Asking the students about their take on the 26/11 Mishap last year, these young people voiced their opinions, with full aggression to protest against the infamous incident…..
SOURAV: It is so disappointing that people unnecessarily bring trouble to innocent people.. But I am proud to be an Indian as every one stood together with unity, to combat it. But a little bit of extra caution could have saved so many lives that day.
ADITI: Dad had a meeting at the Taj a month before the mishap. It was hard to believe something so disgusting could have happened there, which was so normal a month before the 26/11.
NAREN: One serious drawback about our nation is that we are never prepared. In every other country the government takes special effort for the national security. It's a huge shame on the part of our government.
LAKSHMI and SIDDHI: I don't understand how can some sick people come from another nation and create atrocities in our own. What was our government doing? They got signals from the coast guard, yet did not bother to take the matter seriously! Our government never acts seriously unless things go out of control. And this time, it took toll on the lives of so many innocent people. When will they wake up?While all the kids believe that the Indian Government is like a lazy kid, due to which, efficient and valiant officers, become the martyrs. They all felt a lot more disgusted, thinking, how the politicians used this incident for their political campaigns and other selfish reasons, accusing each other. While no one made any joint effort to fight against terrorism for a common purpose and well being of the country. “We just hope that our government has woke up and making enough effort to prevent such mishap in the future.”said the kids….. the bright future of our nation

Edition3: Chatushringi Temple

The Chaturshringi Temple is a Hindu temple in Pune, in the Maharashtra state of India. The temple is located on the slope of a hill on Senapati Bapat Road. It is said to have been built during the reign of the marathi king Chhatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhosle. The temple is in the midst of nature's scenic beauty. This ninety feet high and one hundred and twenty five feet wide temple is looked after by Chaturshringi Devasthan (Temple) trustees, with full dedication.
The presiding deity of the temple is Goddess Chaturshringi. She is also considered as the presiding deity of the city of Pune. The temple is maintained by the Chaturshringi Devasthan Trust. Every year a fair is held at the foothill on the eve of Navratri. Thousands of people gather pay respects and homage the Goddess Chaturshringi.
In the history, there is a very interesting story about this temple. In Pune, in the regime of Peshwa, around 250 years back, there was a money lender (saavakar) & mint owner of Peshwa named Durlabhsheth Pitambardas Mahajan, who was a very religious person & a devotee of Devi Saptashringee situated on the hills of Vani near Nasik. Every year on the full moon day of Chaitra, he used to travel approximately 300 kms. i.e. from Pune to Vani in those days to worship goddess.
As the time passes & because of the old age, it was difficult for him to travel & go to Vani to perform pooja & worship goddess. So he was in deep sorrow. With a great sorrow, he prayed to the goddess & asked her, "I can't come to you for your darshana, now what should I do?" Because of his prayer & devotion, he had a sakshatkar of the goddess in his dream. The goddess Saptashrungee Devi told him that, "if you can not come to me, I will come to you & stay near you." She told him to come to a mountain situated in the North-West of Pune & dig there. The place as described by the goddess, was traced out and miracle happened, he found a natural statue of goddess i.e. (swayambhu devi). There he constructed the temple; this is the same temple which was renovated time to time, which is the present temple. Being a money lender to Peshwa, in those days Durlabhsheth minted a Chattushringi rupee to celebrate this occasion. Day by day this temple became an important place and had her devotees coming from all over India. After Durlabhsheth Late Dastageer Gosavi and his disciples looked after the temple. Later it went to Angal family and from last five generations of Angal family are performing all deity rituals like pooja, naivedya, arti, & other religious rituals till date. From ancient time devotees from all over Pune and nearby villages, come to the temple to worship the goddess. By Marathi calendar in the month of Ashwin, full moon Ashwini Pornima Navaratri Mahotsav celebrated every year. In Navaratri, fair Big Giant Wheels, Merry Go Round, Food Stalls are there in the fair. On the tenth day i.e. on the occasion of Vijaya Dashami (Dashahara) in the evening there is a procession of silver statue of goddess Chattushringi in silver chariot in the evening which is a main attraction of this 15 days festival.

Edition 3: Commercial Space

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